In today’s society, nuclear war between the world’s major powers is considered by most to be an unlikely scenario; the threat of nuclear terrorism is now the major concern.
VIA : theguardian.com
After five nuclear tests in a decade, North Korea has already shown that it poses a nuclear threat to South Korea and Japan, roughly 80,000 American soldiers stationed in those countries, and to China, its nominal ally. But although Kim Jong-un has dramatically increased missile testing since he took power in 2011, North Korea has yet to test an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) that could cross nearly 5,500 miles of the Pacific.
North Korea would need to overcome two feats of engineering to threaten the American mainland: a working ICBM system and a warhead for one of those missiles. Unlike shorter-range missiles, long-range missiles have multiple engines and flight stages, meaning North Korean engineers have to make rockets – and bombs – that can survive the violent vibrations of launch, the wrenching g-forces of flight, and the temperature changes of takeoff and re-entry from space.
“Producing a warhead that can handle all that is a challenge,” said Joseph Bermudez, an analyst for 38 North, a thinktank affiliated with the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. Although Kim has said he wants to test an ICBM later this year, Bermudez doubted the test would be a success.
In February, North Korea fired a medium-range missileinto the Sea of Japan, travelling about 300 miles. North Korea has also developed a missile with an estimated range of 2,200 miles, almost halfway to Hawaii, but so far struggled to launch it.
Until North Korea begins ICBM tests, it will be difficult to gauge the country’s capabilities, said Joshua Pollack, a senior researcher at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, California.
“If they do get to the point where they decide to start a campaign of ICBM flight testing, that will allow them to work through the usual technical difficulties,” he said, noting that they had an “impressive” record of solving problems. “It will allow them in time, I’m confident, to create a reliable weapon.”
But Pollack was wary about any timeline. “They could flight test an ICBM today and it could work or it could take them a year or two,” he said. “I really hesitate to say anything about it.”
Other experts have offered cautious estimates, based on the rate of testing in the last six years. “If everything proceeds as is, it’s likely by 2020 that they could have a system reaching the United States,” Bermudez said. “It should be viewed as an emerging threat.”
1 The current National Planning Scenario for the detonation of a nuclear weapon involves a 10-kiloton tactical weapon exploded at ground level
in a major city.
2 This scenario would result in both a civilian and a subsequent military response, and it is a useful template for military medical preparedness for any nuclear detonation. Ten kilotons is a credible weapon yield, and in the worst case scenario, an attack with such a weapon would involve a ground-level detonation in a densely populated area, resulting in radioactive fallout. Military operations could be impeded. Whether in the lead role or in a supporting role to civilian authority, military medical planning must account for this worst-case scenario, both in the United States and abroad.
The most severe consequence of a nuclear detonation in a densely populated area will be the surge of overwhelming casualties, which will have a tremendous impact on both military and civilian medical systems.
Casualties in the immediate area will sustain various combinations of thermal burns, physical trauma, and radiation injuries. In addition, because the ground-level detonation will create a downwind, radioactive fallout plume, radioactive contamination will cause further casualties, primarily due to radiation-alone injury. The death toll, particularly during the first few days, will be high; however, there is the potential to save many thousands of seriously injured people by implementing appropriate triage and treatment strategies. The goal of this chapter is to address the triage and medical management of casualties primarily during the first 24 to 72 hours following a 10-kiloton, ground-level nuclear detonation.
Flash burns are caused by thermal infrared radiation that travels in a straight line. Exposed skin absorbs the infrared radiation, and the victim is burned on the side of the body facing the explosion (profile burns). At a sufficient distance from the detonation, objects covering the skin, including clothing, may shield against this injury. A little closer to the detonation, where thermal energy is higher, thermal radiation can cause burns through clothing, even at temperatures below those required to cause ignition of clothing. Light-colored clothing reflects infrared radiation and dark-colored clothing absorbs it, which can result in pattern burns if the clothing is in actual contact with the skin.
Why To Prepare
Being prepared can reduce fear, anxiety, and losses that accompany disasters.
Communities, families, and individuals should know what to do in the event of a fi re and where to seek shelter during a war. They should be ready to evacuate their homes and take refuge in public shelters and know how to care for their basic medical needs.
• People also can reduce the impact of disasters (fl ood proofi ng, elevating a home or moving a home out of harm’s way, and securing items that could shake loose in an war) and sometimes avoid the danger completely.
Disasters disrupt hundreds of thousands of lives every year. Each disaster has lasting effects, both to people and property.
• If a disaster occurs in your community, local government and disaster-relief organizations will try to help you, but you need to be ready as well. Local responders may not be able to reach you immediately, or they may need to focus
their efforts elsewhere.
• You should know how to respond to severe weather or any disaster that could occur in your area—hurricanes, earthquakes, extreme cold,war, or terrorism.
• You should also be ready to be self-sufficient for at least three days. This may mean providing for your own shelter.
The electrical grid goes down. For good. You need a power source. Like portable solar panels. You need food and water and critical emergency supplies … And you need to put serious thought into weapons for hunting and self defense.
You also need a survival plan with a number of specific objectives. You see, once the grid goes down, you may only have weeks … or just days … or just minutes before enemy planes thunder overhead and a terrifying scene from the movie Red Dawn plays out in the sky.
Teens and college students scrambling out of schools, running for their cars and trucks parked outside.
Teachers, administrators and city officials gunned down and local citizens who did not escape penned up in concentration camps with several facing execution at the hands of their captors.
When community evacuations become necessary, local offi cials provide information to the public through the media. In some circumstances, other warning methods, such as sirens or telephone calls, also are used. Additionally, there may be circumstances under which you and your family feel threatened or endangered and you need to leave your home, school, or workplace to avoid these situations.
The amount of time you have to leave will depend on the hazard. If the event is a weather condition, such as a hurricane that can be monitored, you might have a day or two to get ready. However, many disasters allow no time for people to gather even the most basic necessities, which is why planning ahead is essential.
Not trying to scare anyone here but these are some serious questions to consider — if the U.S. is truly on the brink of a major war that most of the U.S. probably doesn't expect anytime soon. Maybe it's time for the U.S. to wake up and realize that we may truly be on the brink of war — a war of Biblical proportions.
There is still time for you to prepare, but you have to start learning how to make your own survival foods as soon as humanly possible. The best way to do it is to get the inside scoop on how to do it right. Fortunately, there is a way to get twenty years worth of The Lost Ways. This new food storage system is called The Lost Ways. You do not need a lot of expensive equipment to store foods for a crisis using the methods taught here. Even better, The Lost Ways pays for itself quickly as you begin to put away garden produce or even meats that you buy on sale. For most folks it's simply the biggest bargain of their lives. You can finally become self-sufficient and any extra money saved in food expense goes right back to your pocket. Frankly, at the end of the day, The Lost Ways actually makes you money! What's more, the videos take you by the hand, step by step, through the entire process of "putting away" almost any food you can think of. It's very much like having a food storage professional right there with you every step of the way.